Effect of diamagnetic barium substitution on magnetic and photovoltaic properties in multiferroic BiFeO3
Tu, C. -S.
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Spontaneous magnetization and photovoltaic (PV) effects have been measured in (Bi1- x Ba x )FeO3-δ ceramics for x = 0.05, 0.10, and 0.15. The substitution of Ba2+ ion in the A site of the perovskite unit cell can effectively enhance the ferromagnetic magnetization. The heterostructure of indium tin oxide (ITO) film/(Bi1- x Ba x )FeO3-δ ceramic/Au film exhibits significant PV effects under illumination of λ = 405 nm. The PV responses decrease with increasing Ba concentration. The maximum power-conversion efficiency in the ITO/(Bi0.95Ba0.5)FeO2.95/Au can reach 0.006%. A theoretical model based on optically excited current in the depletion region between ITO film and (Bi1- x Ba x )FeO3-δ ceramics is used to describe the I-V characteristic, open-circuit voltage (V oc), and short-circuit current density (J sc) as a function of light intensity.
C.-M. Hung, C.S. Tu, Z.-R. Xu, L.-Y. Chang, V.H. Schmidt, R.R. Chien, and W.C. Chang, “Effect of diamagnetic barium substitution on magnetic and photovoltaic properties in multiferroic BiFeO3,” J. Appl. Phys. 115, 17D901 (2014).