Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans biofilm killing by a targeted ciprofloxacin prodrug
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A pH-sensitive ciprofloxacin prodrug was synthesized and targeted against biofilms of the periodontal pathogen Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans (Aa). The dose required to reduce the viability of a mature biofilm of Aa by âˆ¼80% was in the range of ngâ€‰cmâˆ’2 of colonized area (mean biofilm density 2.33â€‰Ã—â€‰109â€‰cellsâ€‰cmâˆ’2). A mathematical model was formulated that predicts the temporal change in the concentration of ciprofloxacin in the Aa biofilm as the drug is released and diffuses into the bulk medium. The predictions of the model were consistent with the extent of killing obtained. The results demonstrate the feasibility of the strategy to induce mortality, and together with the mathematical model, provide the basis for design of targeted antimicrobial prodrugs for the topical treatment of oral infections such as periodontitis. The targeted prodrug approach offers the possibility of optimizing the dose of available antimicrobials in order to kill a chosen pathogen while leaving the commensal microbiota relatively undisturbed.
Reeves BD, Young M, Grieco PA, Suci P, "Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans biofilm killing by a targeted ciprofloxacin prodrug," Biofouling Sep 2013 29(8):1005-1014