Cyclic Feedback Systems with Quorum Sensing Coupling
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Synchronization and desynchronization is of great interest in the study of circadian rhythms, metabolic oscillations and time-dependent cell aggregate behaviors. Several recent studies examine synchronization and other dynamics in models of repressilators coupled by a quorum sensing mechanism that uses a diffusive signal. Their numerical simulations have shown the complexity of the collective behavior depends sensitively on which protein upregulates diffusive signal. In this paper, we rigorously prove that the collective dynamics indeed strongly depends on how the signaling network integrates into the repressilator network. In fact we prove a general result for a class of negative cyclic feedback systems with signaling of which the repressilator is but one example. We show that if the feedback along the signaling loop is also negative, the resulting negative feedback, negative signaling (Nf-Ns) system admits either unique stable equilibrium, or a stable oscillation. When a positive signaling feedback is included, the system is no longer (Nf-Ns) and numerically exhibits multistable dynamics (Ullner etÂ al. in Phys Rev Lett 99:148103, 2007; Phys Rev E 78:031904, 2008). We demonstrate that this multistability emerges through saddle node bifurcations of a sole cubic curve-as in generic bistable models.
Gedeon, Tomas, Mark Pernarowski, and Adam Wilander. "Cyclic Feedback Systems with Quorum Sensing Coupling." Bulletin of Mathematical Biology. DOI:https://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11538-016-0187-8.