Bacterially derived biopolymers as wood adhesives
Haag, Anthony P.
Maier, Raina M.
Geesey, Gill G.
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The wood adhesive market is very large and problems due to volatile organic compounds and toxic chemicals in many adhesives and their production are signiﬁcant. In addition, most of the adhesives are derived from depleting petrochemical resources. An environmentally friendly wood adhesive based on renewable resources and produced by microbial fermentation has been explored. Using the shear block test method, a microbially produced polysaccharide has been tested and the effects of wood type, humidity, set time, partial acetylation, and surface wetting agents were determined. Shear strength of the microbial polysaccharide adhesive was compared to that of a commercial wood adhesive and other polysaccharides. Shear strengths of up to 20MPa (3000 psi) for bonding maple have been obtained at 53% relative humidity and 22ºC.
Haag AP, Maier RM, Combie J, Geesey GG, "Bacterially derived biopolymers as wood adhesives," Int J Adhes Adhes, 2004 24:495-502