In-situ electrical terminal characterization of fuel cell stacks
Seger, Eric Matthew.
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This thesis demonstrates in-situ characterization of a 5kW solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) stack and a 165W proton exchange membrane fuel cell (PEMFC) stack at the electrical terminals, using impedance spectroscopy and time-domain modeling. The SOFC experiments are performed using excitation from the power electronic ripple current and exogenous excitation generated from several different sources including a hybrid system which uses a secondary power source for the generation of the small-signal currents. The PEMFC experiments are performed using exogenous excitation from a boost converter. In contrast to typical off-line analysis using specialized instrumentation, the measurements are made as the stacks deliver power to their respective loads. The power electronic switching waveform is used as a source of excitation. This technique could be implemented on-line for continuous condition assessment of the stack. The results show typical data from the stack, comparison of model predictions and measured data, and whole-stack impedance spectroscopy results.