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Recent Submissions

  • Effect of polymer surface properties on the reversibility of attachment of pseudomonas aeruginosa in the early stages of biofilm developmen 

    Pasmore, M.; Todd, Paul W.; Pfiefer, Blaine; Rhodes, Michael; Bowman, Christopher N. (2002-01)
    Biofilm fouling is a common problem in industrial water and medical systems. Prevention of biofilm formation is often difficult because of the numerous potential attachment and adhesion mechanisms of bacteria, and therefore ...
  • Testing antimicrobials against biofilm bacteria 

    Hamilton, Martin A. (202-03)
    A continuous flow reactor system was developed to evaluate the efficacy of antimicrobial treatments against sulfate-reducing bacterial biofilms. An annular reactor operating at a nominal dilution rate of 0.5 h-1 was fed ...
  • Developmental regulation of microbial biofilms 

    Hall-Stoodley, Luanne; Stoodley, Paul (2002-06)
    Sophisticated molecular and microscopic methods used to study biofilm formation are rapidly broadening our understanding of surface-attached microbial communities in a wide variety of organisms. Regulatory mechanisms ...
  • Likelihood of Breastfeeding Within the USDA's Food and Nutrition Service Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children Population 

    Houghtaling, Bailey; Byker Shanks, Carmen; Jenkins, Mica (2017-02)
    BACKGROUND Breastfeeding is an important public health initiative. Low-income women benefiting from the U.S. Department of Agriculture\'s Food and Nutrition Service Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, ...
  • Live birth in an archosauromorph reptile 

    Liu, Jun; Organ, Chris L.; Benton, Michael J.; Brandley, Matthew C.; Aitchison, Jonathan C. (2017-02)
    Live birth has evolved many times independently in vertebrates, such as mammals and diverse groups of lizards and snakes. However, live birth is unknown in the major clade Archosauromorpha, a group that first evolved some ...
  • The effects of interleukin-2 on immune response regulation 

    Waters, Ryan S.; Perry, Justin S. A.; Han, SunPil; Bielekova, Bibiana; Gedeon, Tomáš (2017-02)
    The immune system has many adaptive and dynamic components that are regulated to ensure appropriate, precise and rapid response to a foreign pathogen. A delayed or inadequate immune response can lead to prolonged disease, ...
  • Mucosal biofilm formation on middle-ear mucosa in the chinchilla model of otitis media 

    Ehrlich, Garth D.; Veeh, Richard Harold; Wang, Xue; Costerton, J. William; Hayes, Jay D.; Hu, Fen Z.; Daigle, Bernie J.; Ehrlich, Miles D.; Post, J. C. (2002-04)
    CONTEXT Chronic otitis media with effusion (OME) has long been considered to be a sterile inflammatory process. The previous application of molecular diagnostic technologies to OME suggests that viable bacteria are present ...
  • A mass and momentum conserving unsplit semi-Lagrangian framework for simulating multiphase flows 

    Owkes, Mark; Desjardins, Olivier (2017-03)
    In this work, we present a computational methodology for convection and advection that handles discontinuities with second order accuracy and maintains conservation to machine precision. This method can transport a variety ...
  • Biofilms as complex differentiated communities 

    Stoodley, Paul; Sauer, K.; Davies, David Gwilyn; Costerton, J. William (2002-10)
    Prokaryotic biofilms that predominate in a diverse range of ecosystems are often composed of highly structured multispecies communities. Within these communities metabolic activities are integrated, and developmental ...
  • Analytic Gravitational Waveforms for Generic Precessing Binary Inspirals 

    Chatziioannou, Katerina; Klein, Antoine; Cornish, Neil J.; Yunes, Nicolas (2017-02)
    Binary systems of two compact objects circularize and spiral toward each other via the emission of gravitational waves. The coupling of the spins of each object with the orbital angular momentum causes the orbital plane ...
  • Revisiting the determinants of futures contracts success: the role of market participants 

    Bekkerman, Anton; Tejeda, Hernan A. (2017-03)
    The Chicago Mercantile Exchange introduced a futures contract for distillers' dried grains (DDGs) in early 2010, but the market became inactive only four months after its inception. While many new futures contracts do not ...
  • Action of chlorhexidine digluconate against yeast and filamentous forms in an early-stage candida albicans biofilm 

    Suci, Peter A.; Tyler, Bonnie J. (2002-11)
    An in situ method for sensitive detection of differences in the action of chlorhexidine against subpopulations of cells in Candida albicans biofilms is described. Detection relies on monitoring the kinetics of propidium ...
  • The influence of fluid shear on the structure and material properties of sulphate-reducing bacterial biofilms 

    Dunsmore, B. C.; Jacobsen, A.; Hall-Stoodley, Luanne; Bass, C. J.; Lappin-Scott, H. M.; Stoodley, Paul (2002-12)
    Biofilms of sulphate-reducing Desulfovibrio sp. EX265 were grown in square section glass capillary flow cells under a range of fluid flow velocities from 0.01 to 0.4 m/s (wall shear stress, τw, from 0.027 to 1.0 N/m2). In ...
  • Antimicrobials and biofilms 

    Czechowski, M. H.; Stoodley, Paul (2002-12)
  • Action of glutaraldehyde and nitrite against sulfate-reducing bacterial biofilms 

    Gardner, Lawrence Robert; Stewart, Philip S. (2002-12)
    A continuous flow reactor system was developed to evaluate the efficacy of antimicrobial treatments against sulfate-reducing bacterial biofilms. An annular reactor operating at a nominal dilution rate of 0.5 h-1 was fed ...
  • Antimicrobial activity of a novel catheter lock solution 

    Shah, Chirag B.; Mittelman, M. W.; Costerton, J. William; Parenteau, Stephen; Pelak, Michael; Arsenault, Richard; Mermel, Leonard A. (2002-06)
    Intravascular catheter-associated bloodstream infections significantly increase rates of morbidity and hospital costs. Microbial colonization and development of biofilms, which are known to be recalcitrant to antibiotic ...
  • Unity in defence: honeybee workers exhibit conserved molecular responses to diverse pathogens 

    Doublet, Vincent; Poeschl, Yvonne; Gogol-Doering, Andreas; Alaux, Cedric; Annoscia, Desiderato; Aurori, Christian; Barribeau, Seth M.; Bedoya-Reina, Oscar C.; Brown, Mark J. F.; Bull, James C.; Flenniken, Michelle L; Galbraith, David A.; Genersch, Elke; Gisder, Sebastian; Grosse, Ivo; Holt, Holly; Hultmark, Dan; Lattorff, H. Michael G.; Le Conte, Yves; Manfredini, Fabio; McMahon, Dino P. (2017-03)
    Background Organisms typically face infection by diverse pathogens, and hosts are thought to have developed specific responses to each type of pathogen they encounter. The advent of transcriptomics now makes it possible ...
  • Temperature and wetland plant species effects on wastewater treatment and root-zone oxidation 

    Allen, Winthrop C.; Hook, Paul B.; Biederman, Joel A.; Stein, Otto R. (2002)
    Constructed wetlands are widely used for wastewater treatment, but there is little information on processes affecting their performance in cold climates, effects of plants on seasonal performance, or plant selection for ...
  • Biodegradation of chlorinated solvents in a water unsaturated topsoil 

    Borch, T.; Ambus, Per; Laturnus, Frank; Svensmark, Bo; Grøn, Christian (2003-04)
    In order to investigate topsoils as potential sinks for chlorinated solvents from the atmosphere, the degradation of trichloromethane (CHCl3), 1,1,1-trichloroethane (CH3CCl3), tetrachloromethane (CCl4), trichloroethene ...
  • Diffusion in biofilms 

    Stewart, Philip S. (2003-03)
    Much of what makes life in a microbial biofilm different from life in a free aqueous suspension can be explained by invoking the phenomenon of diffusion. This article discusses the profound influence of the physics of the ...

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