The Montana INBRE Program (IDeA Networks of Biomedical Research Excellence) is a five-year award (2009-2014) by the National Institute of General Medical Sciences (NIGMS) division of the National Institutes of Health (NIH) that builds on the previous successes of the first five-year MT INBRE program (2004-2009) and the three-year BRIN (Biomedical Research Infrastructure Networks) program (2001-2004) awarded to Montana State University. Montana INBRE continues to focus on increasing the biomedical research capacity of Montana by building research infrastructure, supporting faculty and student research, and fostering a state-wide collaborative network. The pathogenesis of infectious disease and health issues related to the environment are two of Montana INBRE’s research foci, areas in which the state is strategically positioned to excel. In addition, MT INBRE is expanding its research into the field of health disparities, an area of great relevance to the state. INBRE positions Montana as a leader in biomedical research and significantly increases education, research, and, ultimately, employment opportunities in the state.