Comparison of quantification methods for an endoscope lumen biofilm model

Abstract

Biofilm has been implicated in multi-drug resistant organism outbreaks following endoscopic procedures. Automated Endoscope Reprocessors (AER) are devices validated to clean and disinfect endoscopes per applicable standards. The ISO 15883 part 4 standard guides performance testing validation of AERs, including cleaning performance using a biofilm test soil. The standard recommends assessment of biofilm reduction using protein or carbohydrate quantification methods. The aim of this study was to assess the suitability of various quantification methods using the ISO biofilm model. The ISO 15883 part 5 biofilm test soil method was used to grow biofilm within lumens representative of endoscopes channels. The biofilm was then quantified using five methods: Crystal Violet (CV), Colony Forming Units (CFU), Total Organic Carbon (TOC), protein assay with Orthophtalaldehyde (OPA), and protein assay by micro bicinchoninic acid (μBCA). The five methods were statistically analyzed for their ability to assess biofilm reduction on samples accurately and precisely. In addition, the quantification methods were compared to demonstrate statistical equivalency, and thus their suitability for assessing biofilm cleaning performance testing of AERs.

Description

Keywords

Biofilm quantification, ISO 15883, Automated endoscope reprocessor, NATURAL SCIENCES::Earth sciences::Endogenous earth sciences, Reusable medical devices, Biofilm, Biofiolm cleaning

Citation

Haas, B., James, S., Parker, A. E., Gagnon, M. C., Goulet, N., & Labrie, P. (2023). Comparison of quantification methods for an endoscope lumen biofilm model. Biofilm, 6, 100163.
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