Show simple item record

dc.contributor.advisorChairperson, Graduate Committee: Mary J. Cloningeren
dc.contributor.authorCousin, Jonathan Martinen
dc.date.accessioned2017-02-02T17:40:49Z
dc.date.available2017-02-02T17:40:49Z
dc.date.issued2015en
dc.identifier.urihttps://scholarworks.montana.edu/xmlui/handle/1/10154
dc.description.abstractGalectin-1 is a carbohydrate binding protein that mediates cancer processes through multivalent interactions with glycoproteins expressed on the surface of cancer cells and in the extracellular matrix. A series of multivalent PAMAM dendrimers were functionalized with lactose and applied to the study and mediation of multivalent galectin-1 interactions. An ELISA was designed to study the interaction of galectin-1 with surface immobilized glycodendrimers. The results of the ELISAs indicate that galectin-1 binds well to the multivalent framework. DLS and fluorescence microscopy were used to study that interaction of galectin-1 with glycodendrimers in solution. These solution-based assays indicate that the glycodendrimers nucleate galectin-1 into nanoparticles. The ability of the glycodendrimers to organize the galectin-1 into biologically active arrays was investigated in cellular assays. A homotypic cellular aggregation assay using DU145 human prostate carcinoma cells, which express a putative galectin-1 ligand (Mucin1), was designed to study the influence of multivalent glycodendrimers on cellular aggregation/tumor formation. All generations of glycodendrimers were observed to inhibit cellular aggregation by diverting the galectin-1 from its native role in cellular cross-linking of cancer cells. To further probe multivalent interactions in cancer, the glycodendrimers were applied to a tube formation assay to study galectin-1 angiogenic processes. Galectin-1 was observed to accelerate neovascularization, and the impact of the galectin-1 was mildly inhibited by the glycodendrimers.en
dc.language.isoenen
dc.publisherMontana State University - Bozeman, College of Letters & Scienceen
dc.subject.lcshProtein binding.en
dc.subject.lcshDendrimers.en
dc.subject.lcshCancer.en
dc.titleGlycodendrimers : tools to study multivalent galectin-1 interactionsen
dc.typeDissertationen
dc.rights.holderCopyright 2015 by Jonathan Martin Cousin.en
thesis.degree.committeemembersMembers, Graduate Committee: Mary J. Cloninger (chairperson); Trevor J. Rainey; Brian Bothner; C. Martin Lawrence.en
thesis.degree.departmentChemistry & Biochemistry.en
thesis.degree.genreDissertationen
thesis.degree.namePhDen
thesis.format.extentfirstpage1en
thesis.format.extentlastpage151en
mus.relation.universityMontana State University - Bozemanen_US
mus.data.thumbpage112


Files in this item

Thumbnail

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record