Combining multiple nutrient stresses and bicarbonate addition to promote lipid accumulation in the diatom RGd-1
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Algal biofuels represent a renewable, potentially viable, solution to mitigate transportation fuel demands. A novel diatom strain, RGd-1, isolated from Yellowstone National Park, produces high concentrations of lipids that can be converted to biodiesel. To increase the cell concentration and determine optimal conditions for growth, RGd-1 was grown without added Si, in the presence of four Si concentrations within the soluble range (0.5â€“2 mM), and one above the soluble range (2.5 mM). Medium Si concentrations and intracellular triacylglycerol (TAG) content were monitored daily by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry and Nile Red fluorescence, respectively (end-point TAG values were measured using gas chromatography). Si depletion with or without combined nitrate (NO3âˆ’) limitation was shown to induce TAG accumulation. Additionally, the effects of sodium bicarbonate (NaHCO3) supplementation were examined on cultures grown using two NO3âˆ’ concentrations (2.94 and 1 mM NO3âˆ’), which also resulted in increased TAG accumulation. It was determined that utilizing a combination of two independent physiological stresses and HCO3âˆ’ supplementation resulted in the highest total and per cell TAG accumulation.
Moll KM, Gardner RD, Eustance EO, Gerlach R, Peyton BM, "Combining multiple nutrient stresses and bicarbonate addition to promote lipid accumulation in the diatom RGd-1," Algal Research July 2014 5:7–15