Thermal stability of Ba(Zr0.8-xCexY0.2)O2.9 ceramics in carbon dioxide
Tu, C. -S.
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In situx-ray diffraction spectra (25–1000 °C) have been measured as a function of temperature for proton-conducting Ba(Zr0.8−xCexY0.2)O2.9 (x=0.0–0.4)ceramics in CO2 atmosphere. Atomic vibrations before and after exposure to CO2 were obtained by using the micro-Raman scattering (150–1600 cm−1). Ba(Zr0.8Y0.2)O2.9 and Ba(Zr0.6Ce0.2Y0.2)O2.9 reveal a promising thermal stability in CO2 without apparent decomposition up to 1000 °C. However, Ba(Zr0.5Ce0.3Y0.2)O2.9 and Ba(Zr0.4Ce0.4Y0.2)O2.9 exhibit thermally stable below 550 °C and then proceed an obvious chemical decomposition of BaCO3 and Zr0.8−xCexY0.2O2 above 550 °C, which were clearly evidenced by the Raman vibrations of 1057 and 466 cm−1, respectively. A first-order orthorhombic-hexagonal structure transition was confirmed in BaCO3 in the region of 810–850 °C upon heating. This study suggests that the Ba(Zr0.8−xCexY0.2)O2.9ceramics with x≤0.2 are promising candidates for proton-conducting applications in CO2-containing environment.
C.-S. Tu, R.R. Chien, V.H. Schmidt, S.-C. Lee, C.-C. Huang, and C.-L. Tsai, “Thermal stability of Ba(Zr0.8-xCexY0.2)O2.9 ceramics in carbon dioxide,” Journal of Applied Physics 105, 103504 (2009).