Adsorption capacity of SAPO-34 and ZSM-5 zeolites determined by breakthrough experiments
Although it has been known for over 50 years that zeolite frameworks are flexible, it has been only of recent that a systematic investigation into this phenomenon has begun. An area that has not been significantly explored is the affect that zeolite flexibility may have on adsorption capacities. In order to explore this, a flow system was built and assembled, and the system performance was verified by replicating literature ZSM-5/isobutane, ZSM-5/n-hexane, and SAPO-34/methanol adsorption isotherms. Different packing schemes (powders, mixtures, pellets) were studied and corresponding adsorption capacities were evaluated for accuracy and precision. It was found that zeolite powder pressed into pellets led to the lowest deviation from literature values and that larger crystal sizes may also lead to more accurate values. While further investigation into packing methods is recommended, the relatively accurate adsorption capacities that were acquired suggests that the established flow system has been built and calibrated correctly, and that further adsorption experiments probing the flexibility of the zeolite structure can begin.