Piezoelectric response and origin in (001) Pb(Mg1/3Nb2/3)0.70Ti0.30O3 crystal
Schmidt, V. Hugo
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Converse and direct piezoelectric coefficients (dC33 and dD33) of (001)-cut Pb(Mg1/3Nb2/3)0.70Ti0.30O3 (PMN-30%PT) single crystals have been investigated as a function of poling electric (E) field. E-field-dependent domain structures were observed by using a polarizing microscope. Both dC33 and dD33 exhibit a rapid increase at E=1–2 kV/cm and reach maxima at E=2.5–4 kV/cm. This study suggests that polarization rotation from rhombohedral to monoclinic MA phases plays an important role while the high piezoelectric response builds up. Overpoling phenomenon evidenced by a sudden reduction in piezoelectric coefficient with increasing field is very sensitive to Ti content.
C.-S. Tu, C.-M. Hsieh, V.H. Schmidt, R.R. Chien, and H. Luo, “Piezoelectric response and origin in (001) Pb(Mg1/3Nb2/3)0.70Ti0.30O3 crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 172905 (2008).