Procedural revision to the AOAC germicidal spray products as disinfectants test method: Establishment of minimum and maximum log density values for test microbes on inoculated carriers
Pines, R. M.
Tomasino, S. F.
Cottrill, M. P.
Hamilton, G. C.
Parker, Albert E.
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The AOAC Germicidal Spray Products as Disinfectants test method (AOAC Official Method 961.02) is used to measure the efficacy of spray products on hard inanimate surfaces; however, the method does not provide procedures to determine the population of the test microbe on inoculated glass slide carriers (e.g., carrier counts reported as CFU/carrier). Without a method to measure and monitor carrier counts, the associated efficacy data may not be reliable and repeatable. This report provides a standardized procedure to address this issue and, based on carrier count data collected by four laboratories from 2000 to 2010, proposes a specific range for the mean log density per carrier as a requirement. Laboratory-based carrier count data were collected concurrently with 116 Method 961.02 efficacy tests conducted on spray products bearing claims against Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Staphylococcus aureus. For many of the tests a soil load (SL) was added to the inoculum (as specified on the product label claim). Six carriers were assayed per test for a total of 696 carriers. All but two of the 116 mean log densities were at least 5.0 (a geometric mean of 1.0 Ã— 105 CFU/carrier). Across the four combinations of microbes and SL treatments, the mean TestLD (mean log density across all enumerated carriers in a test) ranged from approximately 6.0 (a geometric mean of 0.9 Ã— 106 CFU/carrier) to 6.3 (a geometric mean of 2.0 Ã— 106 CFU/carrier). Across all microbes and SL treatments, the mean log density (Â±SEM) was 6.2 (Â±0.07) per carrier (a geometric mean of 1.5 Ã— 106 CFU/carrier). The mean log density for six carriers per test showed good repeatability (0.32) and reproducibility (0.34). The proposed requirement for S. aureus tests and P. aeruginosa tests is a mean log density (across six carriers) between 5.0 and 6.5. A separate 2009 study at three laboratories was conducted to evaluate the persistence of P. aeruginosa, S. aureus, and Salmonella enterica on glass carriers. Based on the persistence data, a 2 h use period is proposed for using the inoculated carriers post drying. The persistence data set was also used to assess the carrier counts for S. enterica. The carrier counts were approximately one log lower for S. enterica compared to S. aureus and P. aeruginosa; a range of 4.0 to 5.5 logs is proposed as a requirement for S. enterica tests.
Pines RM, Tomasino SF, Cottrill MP, Hamilton GC, Parker AE, "Procedural revision to the AOAC germicidal spray products as disinfectants test method: Establishment of minimum and maximum log density values for test microbes on inoculated carriers," Journal of AOAC International, May-June 2013 96(3): 567-572.