Chlorine dioxide disinfection of single and dual species biofilms, detached biofilm and planktonic cells
Camper, Anne K.
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Disinfection efficacy testing is usually done with planktonic cells or more recently, biofilms. While disinfectants are much less effective against biofilms compared to planktonic cells, questions regarding the disinfection tolerance of detached biofilm clusters remain largely unanswered. Burkholderia cepacia and Pseudomonas aeruginosa were grown in chemostats and biofilm tubing reactors, with the tubing reactor serving as a source of detached biofilm clusters. Chlorine dioxide susceptibility was assessed for B. cepacia and P. aeruginosa in these three sample types as monocultures and binary cultures. Similar doses of chlorine dioxide inactivated samples of chemostat and tubing reactor effluent and no statistically significant difference between the log10 reductions was found. This contrasts with chlorine, shown previously to be generally less effective against detached biofilm particles. Biofilms were more tolerant and required chlorine dioxide doses ten times higher than chemostat and tubing reactor effluent samples. A second species was advantageous in all sample types and resulted in lower log10 reductions when compared to the single species cultures, suggesting a beneficial interaction of the species.
Behnke S, Camper AK, "Chlorine dioxide disinfection of single and dual species biofilms, detached biofilm and planktonic cells," Biofouling: The Journal of Bioadhesion and Biofilm Research, July 2012 28(6):635–647