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dc.contributor.authorLorenz, Lindsey A.
dc.contributor.authorRamsay, Bradley D.
dc.contributor.authorGoeres, Darla M.
dc.contributor.authorFields, Matthew W.
dc.contributor.authorZapka, Carrie A.
dc.contributor.authorMacinga, David R.
dc.identifier.citationLorenz LA, Ramsay BD, Goeres DM, Fields MW, Zapka CA, Macinga DR, "Evaluation and remediation of bulk soap dispensers for biofilm," Biofouling: The Journal of Bioadhesion and Biofilm Research, January 2012 28(1):99-109en_US
dc.description.abstractRecent studies evaluating bulk soap in public restroom soap dispensers have demonstrated up to 25% of open refillable bulk-soap dispensers were contaminated with ~6 log10(CFU ml-1) heterotrophic bacteria. In this study, plastic counter-mounted, plastic wall-mounted and stainless steel wall-mounted dispensers were analyzed for suspended and biofilm bacteria using total cell and viable plate counts. Independent of dispenser type or construction material, the bulk soap was contaminated with 4–7 log10(CFU ml-1) bacteria, while 4–6 log10(CFU cm-2) biofilm bacteria were isolated from the inside surfaces of the dispensers (n=6). Dispenser remediation studies, including a 10 min soak with 5000 mg 1-1 sodium hypochlorite, were then conducted to determine the efficacy of cleaning and disinfectant procedures against established biofilms. The testing showed that contamination of the bulk soap returned to pre-test levels within 7–14 days. These results demonstrate biofilm is present in contaminated bulk-soap dispensers and remediation studies to clean and sanitize the dispensers are temporary.en_US
dc.titleEvaluation and remediation of bulk soap dispensers for biofilmen_US
mus.identifier.categoryChemical & Material Sciencesen_US
mus.identifier.categoryEngineering & Computer Scienceen_US
mus.identifier.categoryLife Sciences & Earth Sciencesen_US
mus.relation.collegeCollege of Agricultureen_US
mus.relation.collegeCollege of Engineeringen_US
mus.relation.collegeCollege of Letters & Scienceen_US
mus.relation.departmentCenter for Biofilm Engineering.en_US
mus.relation.departmentChemical & Biological Engineering.en_US
mus.relation.departmentChemical Engineering.en_US
mus.relation.departmentChemistry & Biochemistry.en_US
mus.relation.departmentHealth & Human Development.en_US
mus.relation.departmentMicrobiology & Immunology.en_US
mus.relation.universityMontana State University - Bozemanen_US
mus.relation.researchgroupCenter for Biofilm Engineering.en_US
mus.contributor.orcidFields, Matthew W.|0000-0001-9053-1849en_US

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