Influence of pH on 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene degradation by Yarrowia lipolytica
Ziganshin, Ayrat M.
Naumova, R. P.
Pannier, Andy J.
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The microbial reduction of the aromatic ring of 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene (TNT) can lead to its complete destruction. The acid-tolerant yeast Yarrowia lipolytica AN-L15 transformed TNT through hydride ion-mediated reduction of the aromatic ring (as the main pathway), resulting in the accumulation of nitrite and nitrate ions, as well as through nitro group reduction (as minor pathway), resulting in hydroxylamino- and aminoaromatics. TNT transformation depended on the yeasts' ability to acidify the culture medium through the production of organic acids. Aeration and a low medium buffer capacity favored yeast growth and resulted in rapid acidification of the medium, which influenced the rate and extent of TNT transformation. This is the first time that nitrate has been detected as a major product of microbial TNT degradation, and this work demonstrates the importance of pH on TNT biotransformation. The ability of Y. lipolytica AN-L15 to reduce the TNT aromatic ring to form TNT-hydride complexes, followed by their denitration, makes this strain a potential candidate for bioremediation of sites contaminated with explosives. (c) 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Ziganshin AM, Naumova RP, Pannier AJ, Gerlach R, "Influence of pH on 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene degradation by Yarrowia lipolytica," Chemosphere 2010 79(4):426-433