Uranium immobilization by sulfate-reducing biofilms grown on hematite, dolomite, and calcite
Palma, Luca D.
Amonette, James E.
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Biofilms of sulfate-reducing bacteria Desulfovibrio desulfuricans G20 were used to reduce dissolved U(VI) and subsequently immobilize U(IV) in the presence of uranium-complexing carbonates. The biofilms were grown in three identically operated fixed bed reactors, filled with three types of minerals: one noncarbonate-bearing mineral (hematite) and two carbonate-bearing minerals (calcite and dolomite). The source of carbonates in the reactors filled with calcite and dolomite were the minerals, while in the reactor filled with hematite it was a 10 mM carbonate buffer, pH 7.2, which we added to the growth medium. Our five-month study demonstrated that the sulfate-reducing biofilms grown in all reactors were able to immobilize/reduce uranium efficiently, despite the presence of uranium-complexing carbonates.
Marsili E, Beyenal H, Di Palma L, Merli C, Dohnalkova A, Amonette JE, Lewandowski Z, "Uranium immobilization by sulfate-reducing biofilms grown on hematite, dolomite, and calcite," Environ Sci Technol 2007 41(24):8349-8354