Assessment of the ability of the bioelectric effect to eliminate mixed-species biofilms
Shirtliff, Mark E.
Bargmeyer, Alex Martin
Camper, Anne K.
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Microbes have been able to persist in water distribution systems through the development of multicellular communities known as biofilms. This study evaluated the usefulness of the bioelectric effect for the elimination of water distribution system biofilms from annular reactors. The bioelectric effect did not have any bactericidal action either alone or when coupled with free chlorine.
Shirtliff ME, Bargmeyer A, Camper AK, "Assessment of the ability of the bioelectric effect to eliminate mixed-species biofilms," Appl Environ Microbiol, 2005 71(10):6379-6382