A new procedure allowing the complete removal and prevention of hemodialysis biofilms
Costerton, J. William
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Most currently used disinfectants for dialysis machines have a good bactericidal efficacy on biofilms but leave dead cells on the surface. This contributes to the regrowth of biofilm and the release of pyrogens. A new anti-biofilm procedure consisting of sequential treatment combining enzymes and detergents is able to detach adherent cells. The efficacy of this procedure was assessed both in vitro and in reality. For in vitro studies, a biofilm model was set up. Studies were also performed in reality in a clinically used dialysis machine. Biofilm removal was first monitored by image analysis. Then the biomass was detached by scraping and quantified by plate counts and endotoxin level measurement. Treated samples were compared to untreated control samples. The procedure led to the complete detachment of the biomass, both in vitro and in the reality situation. The aim of this procedure is to replace or complete the usual disinfection methods for medical devices.
DOI10.1159/000086870 To enable screen reader support, press Ctrl+Alt+Z To learn about keyboard shortcuts, press Ctrl+slash
Marion K, Pasmore M, Freney J, Delawari E, Renaud F, Costerton JW, Traeger J, "A new procedure allowing the complete removal and prevention of hemodialysis biofilms," Blood Purif, 2005 23(5):339-348