Early fouling biofilm formation in a turbulent flow system: overall kinetics
Bryers, James D.
Characklis, William G.
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An empirical expression is presented which describes the rate of fouling biofilm development from clean surface conditions to the onset of fluid frictional resistance increase. Experiments were conducted in a CSTR with internal recycle; a system which provided control of biological activity in the bulk fluid while simulating turbulent flow conditions. Primary biofilm accumulation rate is described by a first order expression in which the rate coefficient is a function of suspended biomass concentration, Reynolds number, and suspended biomass growth rate.
Bryers J, Characklis WG, "Early fouling biofilm formation in a turbulent flow system: overall kinetics ," Water Res. 1981 15(4):483-491