Interactions of 1 m latex particles with pseudomonas aeruginosa biofilms
Drury, William J.
Characklis, William G.
Stewart, Philip S.
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Fluorescently labelled latex microbeads were used to study the interaction of particles with Pseudomonas aeruginosa biofilms in a continuous flow annular reactor. Beads were readily distinguished and enumerated in both intact and disaggregated biofilm samples. The fraction of beads that attached to biofilm during a 24 h period ranged from 0.001 to 0.01 and was proportional to biofilm cell carbon and to the standard deviation of biofilm thickness. Microbeads added to biofilm of steady state thickness (30 μm) were observed to be located throughout the entire biofilm depth in 24 h. Many of the microbeads that attached to biofilm shortly after bacterial inoculation (thickness of 2 μm) remained near the substratum as cells grew past and covered them. Microbeads were observed near the biofilm-substratum interface for up to 5 days after bead addition. Beads formed aggregates on biofilms, but not in bulk water. Beads captured by biofilm remained in the reactor system longer than beads that never attached to biofilm.
Drury, W.J., W.G. Characklis, and P.S. Stewart, "Interactions of 1 m latex particles with pseudomonas aeruginosa biofilms," Wat. Res., 27(7):1119-1126, 1993.