Sorption equilibrium of copper by partially-coagulated calcium alginate gel
Jang, Larry K.
Geesey, Gill G.
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The sorption equilibrium of dissolved copper by spherical partially-coagulated gels of calcium alginate was investigated in this work. The gels were formed by dispensing a viscous algin (food grade sodium alginate from kelp) solution with a multi-tip dispenser into 0.05 M CaCl2 solution in a loop fluidized bed reactor. The resultant semi-rigid spherical gels were then transferred to another reactor operated batch wise to absorb dissolved copper at low concentrations (10-40 ppm). When the concentration of the inert neutral salt NaNO3, added to the reactor fluid was 0.01 M, the amount of copper absorbed was found to be substantially higher than that at 0.1 MNaN03. The conventional Langmuir's model based on the concentration of copper in solution yielded different values of conditional stability constant at different ionic strengths in the reactor fluid. However, by defining the copper-binding stability constant on the basis of copper activity in the gel phase with the competition from calcium for metal binding sites taken into account, a unique copper-binding stability constant and a unique calcium-binding stability constant were obtained. The numerical procedure for estimating the activity of copper in the gel fluid was modified from Jang et al. Water Research, 1990)
Jang, L.K. and G.G. Geesey, "Sorption equilibrium of copper by partially-coagulated calcium alginate gel," Chem. Eng. Comm., 94(1):63-77 (1990).