Biofilm development and destruction in turbulent flow
Characklis, William G.
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Methods for direct and indirect measurements of biofilm development (fouling) are presented. Laboratory systems were developed to determine rate and extent of fouling as a function of wall shear stress, water quality, and bulk temperature. Experimental systems were also developed to evaluate the effects of oxidizing biocides and to compare their relative efficiency.
Characklis, W.G., "Biofilm Development and Destruction in Turbulent Flow," Ozone: Science and Engineering, 1:167-181 (1979).