Biofouling film development and its effects on energy losses: a laboratory study
Characklis, William G.
Bryers, James D.
Trulear, Michael Gerald
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Experiments on biofouling of tubes are reported. Processes leading to fouling biological film development are identified and the procedures used in the experimental work are described. Results concerning the growth of biofouling and its effects on fluid friction and heat transfer are presented.
Characklis, W.G., J.D. Bryers, M.G. Trulear, and N. Zelver, "Biofouling Film Development and Its Effects on Energy Losses: A Laboratory Study," in J.F. Garey, et al. (eds.), Condenser Biofouling Control, Ann Arbor Science Publishers, Inc., Ann Arbor, MI, 1980, pp. 49-76.