Bioengineering Report/Fouling Biofilm Development: A Process Analysis
Characklis, William G.
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Biofilm development at a surface is the net result of several physical, chemical, and microbial processes including the following: (1)transport of dissolved and particulate matter from the bulk fluid to the surface; (2) firm microbial cell attachment to the surface; (3) microbial transformations (growth, reproduction, etc.) within the biofilm resulting in production of organic matter; (4) partial detachment of the biofilm due primarily to fluid shear stress. This report presents a framework for analyzing the interrelated processes contributing to biofilm development. Some of the available rate and composition data are presented so that the relative process rates can be compared.
Characklis, W. G. (1981), Bioengineering report: Fouling biofilm development: A process analysis. Biotechnology and Bioengineering, 23: 1923–1960. doi:10.1002/bit.260230902