Show simple item record

dc.contributor.authorOkabe, Satoshi
dc.contributor.authorNielsen, P. H.
dc.contributor.authorCharacklis, William G.
dc.identifier.citationS. Okabe, P.H. Nielsen, and W.G. Characklis, "Factors affecting microbial sulfate reduction by desulfovibrio desulfuricans in continuous culture: limiting nutrients and sulfide concentration," Biotechnology and Bioengineering, 40:725-734 (1992).en_US
dc.description.abstractThe effects of sulfate and nitrogen concentrations of the rate and stoichiometry of microbial sulfate reduction were investigated for Desulfovibrio desulfuricans grown on lactate and sulfate in a chemostat at pH 7.0. Maximum specific growth rates (μmax), half-saturation coefficients (Ksul), and cell yield (Yc/Lac) of 0.344 ± 0.007 and 0.352 ± 0.003 h −1, 1.8 ± 0.3 and 1.0 ± 0.2 mg/L, and 0.020 ± 0.003 and 0.017 ± 0.003 g cell/g lactate, respectively, were obtained under sulfate-limiting conditions at 35°C and 43°C. Maintenance energy requirements for D. desulfuricans were significant under sulfate-limiting conditions. The extent of extracellular polymeric substance (EPS) produced was related to the carbon: nitrogen ratio in the medium. EPS production rate increased with decreased nitrogen loading rate. Nitrogen starvation also resulted in decreased cell size of D. desulfuricans. The limiting C : N ratio (w/w) for D. desulfuricans was in the range of 45 : 1 to 120 : 1. Effects of sulfide on microbial sulfate reduction, cell size, and biomass production were also ivestigated at pH 7.0. Fifty percent inhibition of lactate utilization occurred at a total sulfide concentration of approximately 500 mg/L. The cell size of D. desulfuricans decreased with increasing total sulfide concentration. Sulfide inhibition of D. desulfuricans was observed to be a reversible process.en_US
dc.titleFactors affecting microbial sulfate reduction by desulfovibrio desulfuricans in continuous culture: limiting nutrients and sulfide concentrationen_US
mus.citation.journaltitleBiotechnology and Bioengineeringen_US
mus.identifier.categoryEngineering & Computer Scienceen_US
mus.relation.collegeCollege of Engineeringen_US
mus.relation.departmentCenter for Biofilm Engineering.en_US
mus.relation.departmentChemical & Biological Engineering.en_US
mus.relation.departmentChemical Engineering.en_US
mus.relation.universityMontana State University - Bozemanen_US
mus.relation.researchgroupCenter for Biofilm Engineering.en_US

Files in this item


This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record

MSU uses DSpace software, copyright © 2002-2017  Duraspace. For library collections that are not accessible, we are committed to providing reasonable accommodations and timely access to users with disabilities. For assistance, please submit an accessibility request for library material.