Corrosion of mild steel underneath aerobic biofilms containing sulfate-reducing bacteria. part ii: at high dissolved oxygen concentration
Characklis, William G.
Nielsen, P. H.
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Microbial biofilms containing sulfate‐reducing bacteria (SRB) and general anaerobic bacteria (GAB) were grown in a closed flow channel reactor in air‐saturated bulk liquid. The SRB proliferated within anaerobic microniches even when dissolved oxygen penetrated the entire biofilm at some locations. Corrosion of mild steel during aerobic/anaerobic biofilm accumulation was classified as aerobic corrosion and SRB‐enhanced corrosion. Aerobic corrosion dominated during the early stages of biofilm accumulation. The corrosion rate decreased as the biofilm became more uniform over the surface. SRB‐enhanced corrosion occurred after the SRB community was established within the deposits and significant amounts of iron sulfides contacted the bare steel surface. The initiation and propagation of SRB‐enhanced corrosion in an aerobic/anaerobic biofilm system was explained through the establishment of an FeS/Fe galvanic cell.
Lee, W., Z. Lewandowski, M. Morrison, W.G. Characklis, R. Avci and P.H. Nielsen, "Corrosion of mild steel underneath aerobic biofilms containing sulfate-reducing bacteria. part ii: at high dissolved oxygen concentration," Biofouling, 7:217-239 (1993).