Toluene degradation kinetics for planktonic and biofilm-grown cells of pseudomonas putida 54g
Jones, Warren L.
Bryers, James D.
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Toluene degradation kinetics by biofilm and planktonic cells of Pseudomonas putida 54G were compared in this study. Batch degradation of 14C toluene was used to evaluate kinetic parameters for planktonic cells. The kinetic parameters determined for toluene degradation were: specific growth rate, μmax = 10.08 ± 1.2/day; half-saturation constant, KS = 3.98 ± 1.28 mg/L; substrate inhibition constant, KI = 42.78 ± 3.87 mg/L. Biofilm cells, grown on ceramic rings in vapor phase bioreactors, were removed and suspended in batch cultures to calculate 14C toluene degradation rates. Specific activities measured for planktonic and biofilm cells were similar based on toluene degrading cells and total biomass. Long-term toluene exposure reduced specific activities that were based on total biomass for both biofilm and planktonic cells. These results suggest that long-term toluene exposure caused a large portion of the biomass to become inactive, even though the biofilm was not substrate limited. Conversely, specific activities based on numbers of toluene-culturable cells were comparable for both biofilm and planktonically grown cultures. Planktonic cell kinetics are often used in bioreactor models to model substrate degradation and growth of bacteria in biofilms, a procedure we found to be appropriate for this organism. For superior bioreactor design, however, changes in cellular activity that occur during biofilm development should be investigated under conditions relevant to reactor operation before predictive models for bioreactor systems are developed. © 1997 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. Biotechnol Bioeng53: 535–546, 1997.
Mirpuri, R., W. Jones, J.D. Bryers, “Toluene Degradation Kinetics for Planktonic and Biofilm-Grown Cells of Pseudomonas putida 54G,” Biotechnology and Bioengineering, 53(6):535-546 (1997).