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dc.contributor.advisorChairperson, Graduate Committee: Christopher S. Guyen
dc.contributor.authorDutton, Adeline Jeanen
dc.contributor.otherChristopher S. Guy was a co-author of the article, 'Diet overlap and gape size of pallid sturgeon and shovelnose sturgeon in the Missouri River and Yellowstone River' submitted to the journal 'Journal of applied ichthyology' which is contained within this thesis.en
dc.contributor.otherChristopher S. Guy and Eric A. Scholl were co-authors of the article, 'Quantitative food-web linkages among primary, secondary, and tertiary consumers in the upper Missouri River and lower Yellowstone River' submitted to the journal 'Journal of freshwater ecology' which is contained within this thesis.en
dc.coverage.spatialMissouri Riveren
dc.coverage.spatialYellowstone Riveren
dc.description.abstractA conservation propagation program started in the late 1990s for the endangered Pallid Sturgeon Scaphirhynchus albus because the species was not recruiting in the Missouri River. Stocking has been successful and several studies have suggested that the survival of stocked Pallid Sturgeon in the upper Missouri River is relatively high. Stocking of hatchery-origin Pallid Sturgeon may have created an uncharacteristic population structure, which could lead to intraspecific and interspecific competition between juvenile Pallid Sturgeon, Shovelnose Sturgeon, and other fish species in the Missouri and Yellowstone rivers. The purpose of this study was to describe the diets of Pallid Sturgeon and Shovelnose Sturgeon, determine if gape size differed between species, and assess diets of many secondary and tertiary consumers to describe the food web of the upper Missouri and lower Yellowstone rivers. Pianka's index of diet overlap was highest in segments near Fort Peck Dam in the Missouri River. Diet overlap was low in the Missouri River below the confluence with the Yellowstone River and in the Yellowstone River. Gape size was slightly different between Pallid Sturgeon and Shovelnose Sturgeon suggesting it was not the mechanism for the shift to piscivory in Pallid Sturgeon. Chironomidae were the most abundant primary consumer in the upper Missouri River and lower Yellowstone River. Hydropsychidae were not abundant in either river system, but were frequently consumed by Goldeye, Channel Catfish, Shovelnose Sturgeon, and Stonecat in the Missouri River and Shovelnose Sturgeon in the Yellowstone River. Emerald Shiner were the most abundant secondary consumer in both rivers and the most frequently consumed secondary consumer by Pallid Sturgeon, in the Missouri River. In addition, Pallid Sturgeon in the Missouri River consumed Channel Catfish, Shovelnose Sturgeon, and either Sicklefin Chub or Sturgeon Chub. In the Yellowstone River, Pallid Sturgeon consumed Channel Catfish, Scaphirhynchus spp., and Stonecat. These results provide a foundation into key linkages among predators and prey to better understand the effects of stocking Pallid Sturgeon in the upper Missouri River and lower Yellowstone River.en
dc.publisherMontana State University - Bozeman, College of Letters & Scienceen
dc.subject.lcshFood chains (Ecology)en
dc.subject.lcshConservation biologyen
dc.subject.lcshFish communitiesen
dc.subject.lcshCompetition (Biology)en
dc.titleFeeding ecology and food-web interactions of the fish assemblage in the upper Missouri River and lower Yellowstone River with an emphasis on pallid sturgeon conservationen
dc.rights.holderCopyright 2018 by Adeline Jean Duttonen, Graduate Committee: Jay J. Rotella; Molly A. H. Webb.en

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