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dc.contributor.authorDelaney, John T.
dc.contributor.authorMoranz, Raymond A.
dc.contributor.authorDebinski, Diane M.
dc.contributor.authorEngle, David M.
dc.contributor.authorMiller, James R.
dc.date.accessioned2018-09-10T21:26:42Z
dc.date.available2018-09-10T21:26:42Z
dc.date.issued2016-11
dc.identifier.citationDelaney, John T., Raymond A. Moranz, Diane M. Debinski, David M. Engle, and James R. Miller. (2016). Exotic-Dominated Grasslands Show Signs of Recovery with Cattle Grazing and Fire. PLOS ONE, 11(11), e0165758. Available at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0165758.en_US
dc.identifier.issn1932-6203
dc.identifier.urihttps://scholarworks.montana.edu/xmlui/handle/1/14729
dc.description.abstractIn grasslands, overgrazing by domestic livestock, fertilization, and introduction of exotic forage species leads to plant communities consisting of a mixture of native and exotic species. These degraded grasslands present a problem for land managers, farmers, and restoration ecologists concerned with improving biodiversity while continuing to use the land for livestock production. Here we assessed the response of butterfly and plant community composition to the use of fire and moderate grazing by domestic cattle on degraded grasslands dominated by exotic plants. We evaluated change by comparing experimental pastures to two reference sites that were grasslands dominated by native plants. We used two burning and grazing treatments: 1) patch-burn graze, a heterogeneously managed treatment, where one third of the pasture is burned each year and cattle have free access to the entire pasture, and 2) graze-and-burn, a homogenously managed treatment, where the entire pasture is grazed each year and burned in its entirety every three years. We tested for change in the butterfly and plant community composition over seven years using Bray-Curtis dissimilarity measures. Over the course of seven years, degraded pastures in both treatments became more similar to reference sites with respect to the butterfly and plant communities. Only two butterfly species and two plant functional guilds exhibited significant linear trends over time, with varying responses. Compositional changes in both the butterfly and plant communities indicate that the use of moderate grazing and fire may shift butterfly and plant communities of exotic-dominated grasslands to be more similar to reference tallgrass prairies over time.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipOklahoma Agricultural Experiment Station, Iowa Department of Natural Resources, and the Iowa Agricultural and Home Economics Experiment Station. Partial funding for this project was through the Iowa State Wildlife Grants program grants T-1-R-15 and U-2-R-1 in cooperation with the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Wildlife and Sport Fish Restoration Program.en_US
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.rightsCC BY 4.0, This license lets others distribute, remix, tweak, and build upon your work, even commercially, as long as they credit you for the original creation. This is the most accommodating of licenses offered. Recommended for maximum dissemination and use of licensed materials.en_US
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcodeen_US
dc.titleExotic-Dominated Grasslands Show Signs of Recovery with Cattle Grazing and Fireen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
mus.citation.extentfirstpagee0165758en_US
mus.citation.issue11en_US
mus.citation.journaltitlePLoS ONEen_US
mus.citation.volume11en_US
mus.identifier.categoryLife Sciences & Earth Sciencesen_US
mus.identifier.doi10.1371/journal.pone.0165758en_US
mus.relation.collegeCollege of Letters & Scienceen_US
mus.relation.departmentEcology.en_US
mus.relation.universityMontana State University - Bozemanen_US
mus.data.thumbpage7en_US
mus.contributor.orcidDebinski, Diane M.|0000-0002-7144-4640en_US


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CC BY 4.0, This license lets others distribute, remix, tweak, and build upon your work, even commercially, as long as they credit you for the original creation. This is the most accommodating of licenses offered. Recommended for maximum dissemination and use of licensed materials.
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as CC BY 4.0, This license lets others distribute, remix, tweak, and build upon your work, even commercially, as long as they credit you for the original creation. This is the most accommodating of licenses offered. Recommended for maximum dissemination and use of licensed materials.

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