Electric-field-induced and temperature‑induced phase transitions in high-strain ferroelectric Pb(Mg1/3Nb2/3)0.67Ti0.33O3 single crystal
Chien, R. R.
Schmidt, V. Hugo
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This work is to study electric (E)-ﬁeld-induced and temperature-induced phase transitions in (001)-cut Pb(Mg1/3Nb2/3)0.67Ti0.33O3 (PMNT33%) single crystal, which are critical concerns for piezoelectric applications. Dielectric properties and domain structures (by polarizing microscope) are measured as functions of temperature and E ﬁeld. The hysteresis loop of the polarization versus E ﬁeld at room temperature is also measured. Without any E-ﬁeld application, upon heating a ﬁrst-order-type phase transition sequence rhombohedral (R) → rhombohedral/monoclinic/tetragonal (R/M/T001) → cubic (C) takes place near 350 and 430 K, respectively. Under a dc E-ﬁeld application along  at room temperature,  tetragonal (T001) phase domains are induced by various phase transition sequences, i.e. R → T001,R → M → T001, R → T → T001,andR→ M → T → T001,asthe E-ﬁeld strength increases. In addition, E-ﬁeld-induced microcracking is observed in this work.
R.R. Chien, C.-S. Tu, V.H. Schmidt, and F.-T. Wang, “Electric-field-induced and temperature‑induced phase transitions in high-strain ferroelectric Pb(Mg1/3Nb2/3)0.67Ti0.33O3 single crystal,” Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter 18, 8337-8344 (2006). doi: 10.1088/0953-8984/18/35/018.