Field-induced phase transitions in relaxor ferroelectrics
Schmidt, V. Hugo
Chien, R. R.
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The Landau free energy expansion as a function of three-dimensional polarization for perovskite relaxor ferroelectrics is examined to find effects of large electric fields in causing transitions from one ferroelectric state to another. Our examination of field-induced effects includes a fourth order expansion to obtain the Landau parameters for the observed temperature- and field-induced rhombohedral (R) tetragonal (T) transitions in an (001)-cut 0.70Pb(Mg1/3Mn2/3)O3-0.30PbTiO3 (PMN-30%PT) crystal. These parameters enabled us to predict the appearance of an orthorhombic (O) phase in (110)-cut PMN-30%PT crystals under an applied field. These results show that also for field-induced effects, the Landau expansion shows qualitative agreement with experiment for relaxor ferroelectrics.
V. Hugo Schmidt, R. R. Chien, and C.-S. Tu, “Field-induced phase transitions in relaxor ferroelectrics,” Ferroelectrics 400, 402-409 (2010). doi: 10.1080/00150193.2010.505879.