How does the use of science notebooks as formative assessment increase students' conceptual understandings in science?
Hughes, Jessica Rae
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In this study, kindergarten students used science notebooks as formative assessment to deepen their understanding of science concepts. The class participated in four science units, two were taught as curriculum suggested and two were taught using science notebooks, with pre and post-tests to show growth. The result of this study showed positive effective use of formative assessments, such as journaling, helped students form strong conceptual ideas about science content.