Dielectric permittivity and magnetoelectric coupling in multiferroic BiFeO3 and (Bi0.95La0.05)FeO3 ceramics
Chien, R. R.
Schmidt, V. Hugo
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Dielectric permittivity and loss of BiFeO 3 (BFO) and 5 mol% lanthanum-substituted BFO [(Bi 0.95 La 0.05 )FeO 3 or BFO-5% La] ceramics have been carried out as functions of temperature and frequency. A frequency-dependent and broad dielectric shoulder and maximum were observed in BFO and BFO-5% La near 600-700 K. These dielectric responses are likely due to the magnetoelectric coupling while the antiferromagnetic-paramagnetic transition takes place near the Néel temperature. As an approximation, a barrier model with intrinsic barriers B (in temperature unit) every lattice constant a and extrinsic barriers B +Δ every distance d is introduced to describe the low-frequency upturn in dielectric loss in the high-temperature region. Good qualitative fits are obtained for BFO and BFO-5% La. This work suggests that 5 mol% La substitution can enhance dielectric response and considerably reduce electric conductivity.
C.-S. Tu, Y. Ding, W.-C. Yang, T.H. Wang, R.R. Chien, V.H. Schmidt, Y.D. Yao, and K.T. Wu, “Dielectric permittivity and magnetoelectric coupling in multiferroic BiFeO3 and (Bi0.95La0.05)FeO3 ceramics,” IEEE Transactions on Magnetics 47, 3343-3346 (2011), doi: 10.1109/TMAG.2011.2148104.