Physiological dynamic compression regulates central energy metabolism in primary human chondrocytes
Mumey, Brendan M.
June, Ronald K.
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Chondrocytes use the pathways of central metabolism to synthesize molecular building blocks and energy for cartilage homeostasis. An interesting feature of the in vivo chondrocyte environment is the cyclical loading generated in various activities (e.g., walking). However, it is unknown whether central metabolism is altered by mechanical loading. We hypothesized that physiological dynamic compression alters central metabolism in chondrocytes to promote production of amino acid precursors for matrix synthesis. We measured the expression of central metabolites (e.g., glucose, its derivatives, and relevant co-factors) for primary human osteoarthritic chondrocytes in response to 0â€“30 minutes of compression. To analyze the data, we used principal components analysis and ANOVA-simultaneous components analysis, as well as metabolic flux analysis. Compression-induced metabolic responses consistent with our hypothesis. Additionally, these data show that chondrocyte samples from different patient donors exhibit different sensitivity to compression. Most importantly, we find that grade IV osteoarthritic chondrocytes are capable of synthesizing non-essential amino acids and precursors in response to mechanical loading. These results suggest that further advances in metabolic engineering of chondrocyte mechanotransduction may yield novel translational strategies for cartilage repair.
Salinas, Daniel, Brendan M. Mumey, and Ronald K. June. "Physiological dynamic compression regulates central energy metabolism in primary human chondrocytes." Biomechanics and Modeling in Mechanobiology 18 (February 2019): 69-77. DOI:10.1007/s10237-018-1068-x.