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dc.contributor.authorTomayko, Emily J.
dc.contributor.authorPrince, Ronald J.
dc.contributor.authorCronin, Kate A.
dc.contributor.authorKim, KyungMann
dc.contributor.authorParker, Tassy
dc.contributor.authorAdams, Alexandra K.
dc.date.accessioned2019-04-25T14:41:10Z
dc.date.available2019-04-25T14:41:10Z
dc.date.issued2018-11
dc.identifier.citationTomayko, Emily J., Ronald J. Prince, Kate A. Cronin, KyungMann Kim, Tassy Parker, and Alexandra K. Adams. “The Healthy Children, Strong Families 2 Randomized Controlled Trial Improved Healthy Behaviors in American Indian Families with Young Children.” Current Developments in Nutrition (November 16, 2018). doi:10.1093/cdn/nzy087.en_US
dc.identifier.issn2475-2991
dc.identifier.urihttps://scholarworks.montana.edu/xmlui/handle/1/15471
dc.description.abstractBackground American Indian (AI) families experience disproportionate risk for obesity due to complex reasons, including poverty, historic trauma, rural isolation or urban loss of community connections, lack of access to healthy foods and physical activity opportunities, and high stress. Home-based obesity prevention interventions are lacking for these families. Objective Healthy Children, Strong Families 2 (HCSF2) was a randomized controlled trial of a healthy lifestyle promotion/obesity prevention intervention for American Indian families. Methods Four hundred and fifty dyads consisting of an adult primary caregiver and a two- to five-year-old child from five AI communities were randomly assigned to a monthly mailed healthy lifestyle intervention toolkit (Wellness Journey) with social support or to a child safety control toolkit (Safety Journey) for one year. The Wellness Journey toolkit targeted increased fruit/vegetable intake, increased physical activity, improved sleep, decreased added sugar intake, decreased screen time, and improved stress management (adults only). Anthropometrics were collected, and health behaviors were assessed via survey at baseline and at the end of Year 1. Adults completed surveys for themselves and the participating child. Repeated measures analysis of variance was used to assess change over the intervention period. Results Significant improvements in adult and child healthy diet patterns, adult fruit/vegetable intake, adult moderate-to-vigorous physical activity, home nutrition environment, and adult self-efficacy for health behavior change were observed in Wellness Journey compared to Safety Journey families. No changes were observed in adult body mass index (BMI), child BMI z-score, adult stress measures, adult/child sleep, adult/child screen time, or child physical activity. Qualitative feedback suggests the intervention was extremely well-received by the families and our community partners across five participating sites. Conclusions This multi-site community-engaged intervention addressed key gaps regarding family home-based approaches for early obesity prevention in AI communities and showed several significant improvements in health behaviors. Multiple communities are working to sustain intervention efforts.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipNIH NHLBI R01HL114912en_US
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.rightsCC BY-NC: This license lets you remix, tweak, and build upon this work non-commercially, and although your new works must also acknowledge the original creator and be non-commercial, you don’t have to license your derivative works on the same terms.en_US
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/legalcodeen_US
dc.titleThe Healthy Children, Strong Families 2 randomized controlled trial improved healthy behaviors in American Indian families with young childrenen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
mus.citation.journaltitleCurrent Developments in Nutritionen_US
mus.identifier.categorySocial Sciencesen_US
mus.identifier.doi10.1093/cdn/nzy087en_US
mus.relation.collegeOther Departments & Programsen_US
mus.relation.universityMontana State University - Bozemanen_US
mus.data.thumbpage24en_US


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CC BY-NC: This license lets you remix, tweak, and build upon this work non-commercially, and although your new works must also acknowledge the original creator and be non-commercial, you don’t have to license your derivative works on the same terms.
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as CC BY-NC: This license lets you remix, tweak, and build upon this work non-commercially, and although your new works must also acknowledge the original creator and be non-commercial, you don’t have to license your derivative works on the same terms.