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dc.contributor.advisorChairperson, Graduate Committee: Timothy Mintonen
dc.contributor.authorMurray, Vanessa Jeanen
dc.contributor.otherBrooks C. Marshall, Philip J. Woodburn and Timothy K. Minton were co-authors of the article, 'Inelastic and reactive scattering dynamics of hyperthermal O and O 2 on hot vitreous carbon surfaces' in the journal 'Journal of physical chemistry C' which is contained within this thesis.en
dc.contributor.otherEric J. Smoll Jr. and Timothy K Minton were co-authors of the article, 'Dynamics of graphite oxidation at high temperature' in the journal 'Journal of physical chemistry C' which is contained within this thesis.en
dc.contributor.otherMarcin D. Pilinski, Eric J. Smoll, Jr., Min Qian, Timothy K. Minton, Stojan M. Madzunkov and Murray R. Darrach were co-authors of the article, 'Gas-surface scattering dynamics applied to concentration of gases for mass spectrometry in tenuous atmospheres' in the journal 'Journal of physical chemistry C' which is contained within this thesis.en
dc.contributor.otherNeil A. Mehta is an author and Chenbiao Xu, Deborah A. Levin and Timothy K. Minton were co-authors of the article, 'Scattering dynamics of N 2 from highly oriented pyrolytic graphite' in the journal 'Journal of physical chemistry C' which is contained within this thesis.en
dc.contributor.otherChenbiao Xu, Savio Poovatthingal and Timothy K. Minton were co-authors of the article, 'Scattering dynamics of nitromethane and methyl formate on HOPG' submitted to the journal 'Journal of physical chemistry C' which is contained within this thesis.en
dc.description.abstractMolecular beam scattering experiments can determine the relative importance of reactive and non-reactive processes that occur when a surface is bombarded with high energy atoms and molecules. The mechanisms by which these processes proceed are inferred by analyzing the angle-resolved flux and energy distributions of the scattered products. The studies presented in this thesis have been conducted with a crossed molecular beams machine reconfigured for surface scattering. Two molecular beam sources were used. One uses a laser detonation process to produce high translational energy O atoms in the ground electronic state, and the other uses a supersonic expansion to produce continuous beams of N 2, nitromethane, or methyl formate. In the first two studies presented in this thesis, the oxidation of dynamics vitreous carbon and highly oriented pyrolytic graphite (HOPG) held at surface temperatures in the range of 800 - 2300 K by O atoms with a translational energy of ~ 500 kJ mol -1 are presented. These two studies revealed that the reactivity is suppressed at high temperature because O atoms desorb from the surface before they react to form CO and CO 2. Even though the translational energy of the O atoms was high, the surface reactions proceeded primarily through reactions that occurred in thermal equilibrium with the surface. The third study focuses on the scattering dynamics of O, O 2, and Ar with the surfaces of a gold thin-film, SiO 2, and HOPG. The results of the experiments were used to evaluate the efficacy of a proposed gas concentrator. The strong forward scattering on the HOPG surface made it the most suitable surface for the gas concentrator. The fourth study examines the non-reactive scattering dynamics of N 2 with HOPG. At high surface temperature, the residence time of N 2 is too short for the molecule to fully accommodate to the surface. Thus, even if the molecule suffers multiple collisions with the surface, it will scatter into the vacuum before it can come into thermal equilibrium with the surface. The results have been used in conjunction with theoretical calculations by a collaborator to investigate the relationship between the potential energy surface and the scattering dynamics. In order determine the usefulness of an HOPG concentrator with complex molecules, the scattering dynamics of methyl formate and nitromethane on HOPG were studied. These molecules do not shatter upon impact with the surface and they both scatter strongly in the forward direction through direct and indirect mechanisms, suggesting that the proposed HOPG concentrator should perform as desired. In all studies described in this thesis, the fundamental gas-surface scattering dynamics were elucidated from molecular beam experiments, and these fundamental results have direct links to modeling the performance of hypersonic vehicles and designing a gas concentrator for mass spectrometry in tenuous atmospheres.en
dc.publisherMontana State University - Bozeman, College of Letters & Scienceen
dc.subject.lcshScattering (Physics)en
dc.subject.lcshChemical reactionsen
dc.subject.lcshExtreme environmentsen
dc.titleGas-surface interactions with sp 2 carbon in extreme environmentsen
dc.rights.holderCopyright 2018 by Vanessa Jean Murrayen, Graduate Committee: Patrik R. Callis; Stephen W. Sofie; Robert Walker; Erik Grumstrup.en & Biochemistry.en

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