Sepsis bundle evaluation for quality improvement
O'Connor, Christine Elizabeth
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Sepsis is a common diagnosis in the acute care setting. Left untreated, sepsis can result in many long-term complications including permanent organ damage and death. Sepsis has become such a common diagnosis that the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid (CMS) have implemented core measures that are meant to aid in quickly diagnosing and treating septic patients. Because sepsis requires prompt treatment, these guidelines have been divided into three- and six-hour bundles to assure prompt treatment after diagnosis. If hospitals fail to follow these core measures, the institution is not reimbursed for the cost of medical care for that patient. Implementation of the three and six-hour bundles have been shown to improve patient outcomes, decreasing mortality associated with sepsis. Compliance rates with these core measures in a rural hospital in Northwest Montana, which will be called Hospital X, have been consistently below the goal of 80% compliance. This quality-improvement project (QIP) utilized interventions to identify where non-compliance was occurring and interventions to improve overall institution compliance rates. Chart review and process flow observation were used to identify which parts of the bundle were not being implemented according to CMS guidelines. Use of a newly created sepsis handoff tool and implementing nurse education on the core measures were interventions used in an effort to increase overall institution compliance. Results: Overall compliance rates improved from 57% in May, 2018 to 87% in June, 2018 after implementation of interventions. For the months of June, 2018 - September, 2018, compliance rates remained >70%. Conclusion: The two interventions that were implemented during the course of this project seemed to improve compliance based off a significant improvement in overall compliance rates during months where the interventions were implemented. There are many recommendations for future research and interventions based off the findings from this project.