Outcomes of a quality improvement project: integrating sepsis bundles in the rural emergency department
Popp, Kierston Christian
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BACKGROUND: Rural hospitals have a poor adherence to the Surviving Sepsis Campaign guidelines, which includes door-to-antibiotic administration times under 60 minutes leading to a higher risk of mortality (Mohr et al., 2018). The aim of this project was to improve door-to-antibiotic times through the implementation of a sepsis bundle, which would place all necessary orders together. The project was set in a rural emergency department in southwestern Montana. Participants included provider staff at the facility including family nurse practitioners, physician assistants, and medical doctors. METHODS: The FADE (focus, analyze, develop, execute, and evaluate) method of quality improvement was used for this project. Baseline assessment included a review of patient medical records who met sepsis criteria from January-June 2017. Antibiotic administration times were reviewed using data collection from the patient charts. A literature review was conducted to identify appropriate sepsis bundle implementation interventions. INTERVENTIONS: Sepsis bundles were introduced to the provider staff through education and meetings to aid in identifying the need for sepsis bundles in the emergency department. Baseline times were also presented to the staff to provide evidence that the current practices were not meeting goals. A sepsis bundle was chosen by the medical director and the Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP) student that fit best with the resources available in the emergency department. RESULTS: Three months after the implementation of sepsis bundles, a chart review was performed on all patients that met sepsis criteria. Again, door-to-antibiotic administration times was reviewed. Door-to-antibiotic administration times improved by 40.5 minutes, which is a 22 percent improvement. CONCLUSION: The use of sepsis bundles in the care of the septic patient improved door-to-antibiotic administration times. Although improvement in the quality improvement measures was noted, additional work is needed to achieve Surviving Sepsis Campaign's goal of door-to-antibiotic times of under 60 minutes.