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dc.contributor.authorGrocke, Michelle U.
dc.contributor.authorMcKay, Kimber Haddix
dc.contributor.authorFoor, Thomas
dc.identifier.citationGrocke, Michelle U.; McKay, Kimber Haddix; and Foor, Thomas (2019) "Subjective Well-Being in Two Himalayan Communities, Post Road Development," HIMALAYA, the Journal of the Association for Nepal and Himalayan Studies: Vol. 39 : No. 1 , Article 7en_US
dc.description.abstractAlthough the first road to ever be built into Humla, Nepal is still under construction, it has already spurred numerous sociocultural and economic changes, including an increased integration into the market economy, changing access to market-purchased foods, and new kinds of health-seeking behavior. This paper is part of a larger research project where we examined changing health and nutrition outcomes co-synchronous with the arrival of this road. In this paper, we focus on whether and how the road is affecting villagers’ subjective well-being (SWB). We studied this while living and working with people from two Humli villages, one that is on the road, and one that is far from it. In these villages, we developed two local models of SWB, using the villagers’ own conceptual frameworks and sense of the factors that play a role in wellbeing. Our analyses showed that villagers’ conceptualization of SWB varied substantially according to road proximity. Additionally, we quantified indices from villagers’ SWB assessments and tested which variables were significant determinants of wellbeing. We discovered a significant relationship between an individual’s well-being level and two variables: available resources per household and levels of social support. The purpose of this paper is threefold: to better understand how villagers from Upper Humla define SWB, to identify which subset of the population is not benefitting in terms of their SWB from the new road, and to present a mixed-methods, anthropologically-based approach for the development of a locally meaningful measure of SWB.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipThe authors would like to extend their sincere gratitude to Mr. Penpa Tsering Lama, who spent countless hours over many months helping with everything from translation to data collection to logistics and planning during fieldwork. This project would not have been possible without him, and the numerous families in Kale and Gyepo who opened up their homes and hearts during the time the authors were in Upper Humla District, Nepal. The authors are also truly grateful to Mr. Tsepal Dorje Lama, Mr. Anjuk Lama, Mr. Pralhad Dhaka and Ms. Pema Ramla for their insight and guidance along the way. Two anonymous reviewers provided invaluable suggestions to an earlier draft, almost all of which have been incorporated. This research was funded by the National Science Foundation (Grant #1420405) and the Fulbright U.S. Student Program and received local logistical assistance from Adara Development.en_US
dc.publisherThe Association for Nepal and Himalayan Studiesen_US
dc.rightsThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons AttributionNoncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.en_US
dc.subjectSubjective well-being, ethnography, cultural domains, roads, Nepalen_US
dc.titleSubjective Well-Being in Two Himalayan Communities, Post Road Developmenten_US
mus.identifier.categorySocial Sciencesen_US
mus.relation.collegeCollege of Education, Health & Human Developmenten_US
mus.relation.departmentHealth & Human Development.en_US
mus.relation.universityMontana State University - Bozemanen_US

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