N-Heterocyclic Carbene Ligand-Controlled Chemodivergent Suzuki–Miyaura Cross Coupling
Reeves, Emily K.
Humke, Jenna N.
Neufeldt, Sharon R.
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Two N-heterocyclic carbene ligands provide orthogonal chemoselectivity during the Pd-catalyzed Suzuki–Miyaura (SM) cross-coupling of chloroaryl triflates. The use of SIPr [SIPr = 1,3-bis(2,6-diisopropylphenyl)-4,5-dihydroimidazol-2-ylidene] leads to selective cross-coupling at chloride, while the use of SIMes [SIMes = 1,3-bis(2,4,6-trimethylphenyl)-4,5-dihydroimidazol-2-ylidene] provides selective coupling at triflate. With most chloroaryl triflates and arylboronic acids, ligand-controlled selectivity is high (≥10:1). The scope of this methodology is significantly more general than previously reported methods for selective SM coupling of chloroaryl triflates using phosphine ligands. Density functional theory studies suggest that palladium’s ligation state during oxidative addition is different with SIMes compared to SIPr.
Reeves, Emily K., Jenna N. Humke, and Sharon R. Neufeldt. “N-Heterocyclic Carbene Ligand-Controlled Chemodivergent Suzuki–Miyaura Cross Coupling.” The Journal of Organic Chemistry 84, no. 18 (September 2, 2019): 11799–11812. doi:10.1021/acs.joc.9b01692.