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dc.contributor.advisorChairperson, Graduate Committee: Robert Walkeren
dc.contributor.authorWelander, Martha Mariaen
dc.contributor.otherMarley S. Zachariasen, Clay D. Hunt, Stephen W. Sofie and Robert A. Walker were co-authors of the article, 'Operando studies of redox resiliance in alt enhanced NIO-YSZ SOFC anodes' in the journal 'Journal of the electrochemical society' which is contained within this dissertation.en
dc.contributor.otherMarley S. Zachariasen, Stephen W. Sofie and Robert A. Walker were co-authors of the article, 'Enhancing Ni-YSZ anode resilience to environmental redox stress with aluminum titanate secondary phases' in the journal 'ACS applied energy materials' which is contained within this dissertation.en
dc.contributor.otherMarley S. Zachariasen, Stephen W. Sofie and Robert A. Walker were co-authors of the article, 'Mitigating carbon formation with Al 2TiO 5 enhanced solid oxide fuel cell anodes' in the journal 'The journal of physical chemistry C' which is contained within this dissertation.en
dc.contributor.otherDaniel B. Drasbaek, Marie L. Traulsem Bhaskar R. Sudireddy, Peter Holtappels and Robert A. Walker were co-authors of the article, 'What does carbon tolerant really mean? Operando vibrational studies of carbon accumulation on novel solid ocide fuel cell anodes prepared by infiltration' submitted to the journal 'RSC physical chemistry chemical physics' which is contained within this dissertation.en
dc.contributor.otherDisseration contains an article of which Martha Maria Welander is not the main author.en
dc.description.abstractSolid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs) are high temperature energy conversion devices capable of efficient and sustainable energy production. Because of the need to electrochemically reduce molecular oxygen and the relatively high activation energy required for oxide ions to diffuse through the dense, solid-state electrolyte, SOFCs typically operate at temperatures > or = 500 °C. High operating temperatures endow SOFCs with many advantages, including fuel flexibility and high conversion efficiencies, distinguishing them from other types of fuel cells. However, high temperatures also present challenges related to the stability of the electrode materials, accelerating cell degradation and limiting the development and integration of SOFCs into large scale power production strategies. These mechanisms are the result of fundamental changes in material properties that remain poorly described and difficult to predict. Studies presented in this work utilized operando Raman spectroscopy and electrochemical measurements to directly correlate material changes with changes in cell performance under various operating conditions. Research focused on developing and characterizing new electro-catalytic materials having improved conversion efficiencies and mechanical resilience to thermal and chemical stress. Because current state of the art SOFC Ni-YSZ cermet anodes are sensitive to oxidation, the first two studies investigated the effects of adding small amounts of Al 2TiO 5 to Ni-YSZ anodes and the impact of resulting secondary (2°) phases that formed on SOFC tolerance to electrochemical and environmental reduction and oxidation (redox) cycling. Results show that Al 2TiO 5 helps improve tolerance to both types of redox cycling by maintaining electrode-electrolyte connectivity and minimizing catalyst coarsening. The third study illustrates how this same dopant improved anode carbon tolerance when operating with hydrocarbon fuels. Because excessive carbon accumulation on SOFC anodes can lead to rapid cell failure, ways to improve carbon tolerance was further explored in the last two studies. These studies investigate the effect of decoupling the electro-catalytic and the electronically conductive phases of the anode under pure methane and biogas-surrogate environments. Collectively, the studies described in this dissertation provide insight into the materials-specific mechanisms responsible for limiting degradation of doped and functionally decoupled anodes to help guide the design of new SOFC electrode materials.en
dc.publisherMontana State University - Bozeman, College of Letters & Scienceen
dc.subject.lcshSolid oxide fuel cellsen
dc.subject.lcshRaman spectroscopyen
dc.subject.lcshHigh temperaturesen
dc.titleOperando optical studies of next generation anode materials in high temperature solid oxide fuel cellsen
dc.rights.holderCopyright 2020 by Martha Maria Welanderen, Graduate Committee: Nicholas P. Stadie; Erik Grumstrup; Paul E. Gannon; Stephen W. Sofie.en & Biochemistry.en

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