Cessna 182b windscreen material model development and full scale UAS to aircraft impact testing facility
Arnold, Forrest Jacob
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Unmanned Aircraft Systems (UAS) have become popular in the last decade. More than 1.5 million have been registered by the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) since 2015. In order to understand the risk UAS pose to manned aircraft and make informed regulation decisions, the FAA has created air to air collision studies. As a part of the FAA general aviation air to air collision research, a Cessna 182 windscreen material model and a full scale impact testing facility were required. A Finite Element Crash Model of a Cessna 182 is in development as a part of the general aviation air to air collision research. The National Institute for Aviation Research at Wichita State University is managing development of the model. In support of that work, an LS-DYNA material model of the Poly(Methyl methacrylate) windscreen was developed. Results from tensile testing at multiple strain rates were used to develop material models using MAT_124 and MAT_187. A model of an impact tower was created to compare the material models to test results. The material models were tuned to better fit the impact tower test results. MAT_187 has more flexible material inputs, which allowed it to outperform MAT_124. A full scale impact testing facility was developed to support Finite Element model validation and direct testing of UAS to aircraft impact. A slingshot style launcher was designed and built to launch common quadcopter style UAS. Testing has shown that the launcher is capable of 120 knots with the accuracy required to repeatably hit the leading edge of a wing. Additionally, the launch site required a system for instrumented testing to compare experimental results with finite element results. A system was developed to allow flexible fixturing, impact speed and orientation measurement, and inclusion of load cells and strain gauges.