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dc.contributor.advisorChairperson, Graduate Committee: Brian Bothneren
dc.contributor.authorBerry, Luke Montgomeryen
dc.contributor.otherAngela Patterson, Natasha Pence, John Peters and Brian Bothner were co-authors of the article, 'Hydrogen deuterium exchange mass spectrometry of oxygen sensitive proteins' in the journal 'Bio-protocols' which is contained within this dissertation.en
dc.contributor.otherSaroj Poudel, Monika Tokmina-Lukaszewska, Daniel R. Colman, Diep M.N. Nguyen, Gerrit J. Schut, Micheal W.W. Adams, John W. Peters, Eric S. Boyd and Brian Bothner were co-authors of the article, 'H/D exchange mass spectrometry and statistical coupling analysis reveal a role for allostery in a ferredoxin-dependent bifurcating transhydrogenase catalytic cycle' in the journal 'Biochimica et biophysica acta (BBA) - general subjects' which is contained within this dissertation.en
dc.contributor.otherMonika Tokmina-Lukaszewska, Derek F. Harris, Oleg A. Zadvornyy, Simone Raugei, John W. Peters, Lance C. Seefeldt and Brian Bothner were co-authors of the article, 'Combining in-solution and computational methods to characterize the structure-function relationship of the nitrogengase systems' which is contained within this dissertation.en
dc.contributor.otherHayden Kallas, Derek F. Harris, Monika Tokmina-Lukaszewska, Simone Raugei, Lance C. Seefeldt and Brian Bothner were co-authors of the article, 'Iron protein docking effects on MOFE protein dynamics: function of negative cooperativity and the regulation of electron trasfer' which is contained within this dissertation.en
dc.description.abstractReduced ferredoxin (Fd) plays a critical role in anaerobic metabolism by acting as an alternative source of energy to adenosine triphosphate (ATP). The reduction potential of Fd is low (-450 mV) making it difficult to reduce individually. However, it has recently been discovered that a unique mechanism known as electron bifurcation allows anaerobic organisms to reduce Fd without suffering a loss of energy. Electron bifurcation was originally discovered in complex III of the electron transport chain, and increased the efficiency of the proton motive force without an overall change in the electron flow, minimizing energy loss. EB accomplishes this is by coupling a favorable (exergonic) and unfavorable (endergonic) reduction reaction. The exergonic reaction produces a singly reduced cofactor with a sufficiently negative reduction potential to allow the endergonic process to proceed. This allows anaerobic organisms to couple the formation of NADH, with the reduction of Fd. A detail of interest in the bifurcating mechanism is how these enzymes regulate the flow of electrons down the exergonic and endergonic branches to prevent multiple electrons from traveling down the exergonic branch. It is hypothesized that changes in the protein conformation alter the distance between cofactors altering the rate of electron transfer. To fully understand how changes in a protein's conformation regulates electron transfer in electron bifurcation we used a suite of in-solution techniques, such as H/D exchange and chemical cross-linking coupled to mass spectrometry to characterize the structure and dynamics of the model bifurcating enzyme, NADH-dependent ferredoxin-NADP+ oxidoreductase (Nfn), during the different steps of electron bifurcation. Additionally we also set out to use these techniques to characterize the structure and dynamics of the nitrogenase systems in order to obtain biophysical evidence of negative cooperativity in the various nitrogenase systems.en
dc.publisherMontana State University - Bozeman, College of Letters & Scienceen
dc.subject.lcshCharge exchangeen
dc.subject.lcshMass spectrometryen
dc.subject.lcshBiological control systemsen
dc.titleRelating protein structure to function: how protein dynamics maximizes energy gained by electron transfer in an anaerobic energy conservation mechanismen
dc.rights.holderCopyright 2019 by Luke Montgomery Berryen, Graduate Committee: C. Martin Lawrence; Jennifer DuBois; Valerie Copieen & Biochemistry.en

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