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dc.contributor.advisorChairperson, Graduate Committee: Timothy R. McDermott and Brian Bothner (co-chair)en
dc.contributor.authorRawle, Rachel Annaen
dc.contributor.otherYoon-Suk Kang, Brian Bothner, Gejiao Wang and Timothy R. McDermott were co-authors of the article, 'Transcriptomics analysis defines global cellular response of Agrobacterium tumefaciens 5A to arsenite exposure regulated through the histidine kinases phor and aios' in the journal 'Environmental microbiology' which is contained within this dissertation.en
dc.contributor.otherMonika Tokmina-Lukaszewska, Zunji Shi, Brian Tripet, Fang Dang, Timothy R. McDermott, Valerie Copie, Gejiao Wang and Brian Bothner were co-authors of the article, 'Metabolic responses to arsenite exposure regulated through histidine kinases phor and aios in Agrobacterium tumefaciens 5A' submitted to the journal 'Environmental microbiology' which is contained within this dissertation.en
dc.description.abstractArsenic is a class I carcinogen and causes various cancers and diseases. Its toxicity, prevalence, and potential for human exposure has classified arsenic as the number one environmental toxin according to the Environmental Protection Agency. Contamination of groundwater and soil leads to over 200 million human exposures above the health limit. In every environment where arsenic and microbes coexist, microbes are the principal drivers of arsenic speciation, which is directly related to bioavailability, toxicity, and bioaccumulation. These speciation events drive arsenic behavior in the soil, water, and as recent data suggests, human-associated microbiomes. This dissertation details arsenic-microbial interactions through an omics platform, utilizing transcriptomics, metabolomics, and proteomics profiling as a way to globally assess the impacts of arsenic exposure. This work followed two main aims: (1) characterize cell metabolism during arsenic exposure in soil bacterium Agrobacterium tumefaciens 5A, a model organism for arsenite oxidation, and (2) assess the impacts of specific arsenic-processing bacteria within the gut microbiome of mammals. The results of this work provide a foundational understanding for how arsenic speciation events are regulated and how they affect nutrient cycling in environmental systems, which is necessary for bioremediation and health initiatives.en
dc.publisherMontana State University - Bozeman, College of Letters & Scienceen
dc.subject.lcshSoil pollutionen
dc.subject.lcshPlant nutrientsen
dc.titleOmics approaches identify molecular mechanisms of arsenic-microbial interactionsen
dc.rights.holderCopyright 2019 by Rachel Anna Rawleen, Graduate Committee: Seth Walk; Ross Carlson; Douglas Kominskyen & Immunology.en

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