Examining the cultural congruity and intentions of persistence among American Indian college students in Montana
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American Indian college students tend to have lower persistence and graduation rates compared to students of other ethnicities. This quantitative research study involved multiple regression to analyze survey data that measured cultural congruity and intentions of persistence of American Indian students attending a two-year and four-year college in Montana. Cultural identity was measured through a survey item measuring level of attachment to their ethnic group. Results showed a significant relationship existed between the following variables: attachment to ethnic group and cultural congruity; institutional type, attachment to ethnic group, age, gender, and first generation college student status to cultural congruity; cultural congruity and persistence; attachment to ethnic group and persistence; institutional type, cultural congruity, and attachment to ethnic group to persistence; and institutional type, cultural congruity, attachment to ethnic group, age, gender, and first generation college student status to persistence. Results from this study indicate that institutional type was not a significant predictor of cultural congruity or persistence. Also, students who were more strongly attached to their ethnic group were less likely to feel that they 'fit in' at their college (cultural incongruity). Older students were more likely to have higher cultural congruity than younger students, and higher levels of cultural congruity was associated with higher persistence scores.