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dc.contributor.advisorChairperson, Graduate Committee: Robin Gerlach and Ellen G. Lauchnor (co-chair)en
dc.contributor.authorZambare, Neerja Milinden
dc.contributor.otherEllen Lauchnor and Robin Gerlach were co-authors of the article, 'Controlling the distribution of microbially precipitated calcium carbonate in radial flow environments' in the journal 'Environmental science and technology' which is contained within this dissertation.en
dc.contributor.otherRobin Gerlach and Ellen Lauchnor were co-authors of the article, 'Spatio-temporal dynamics of strontium partitioning with microbially induced calcium carbonate precipitation in porous media flow cells' submitted to the journal 'Environmental science & technology' which is contained within this dissertation.en
dc.contributor.otherRobin Gerlach and Ellen Lauchnor were co-authors of the article, 'Co-precipitation of strontium and barium' submitted to the journal 'Environmental science & technology' which is contained within this dissertation.en
dc.contributor.otherNada Naser, Robin Gerlach and Connie Chang were co-authors of the article, 'Visualizing microbially induced mineral precipitation from single cells using drop-based microfluidics' submitted to the journal 'Nature methods' which is contained within this dissertation.en
dc.description.abstractMicroorganisms have the potential to impact processes on a scale orders of magnitude larger than their size. For example, microbe-mineral interactions at the micro-scale can drive macro-scale processes such as rock formation and weathering. Many bioremediation technologies derive inspiration from microbial mineralization processes. Microbially induced calcium carbonate precipitation (MICP) can produce calcium carbonate (CaCO 3) precipitates which can be utilized as a biological cement to strengthen porous media by reducing fluid permeability in subsurface fractures or as an immobilization matrix to remove metal contaminants dissolved in groundwater. To make MICP a feasible and successful bioremediation technology in the world outside the lab, it is necessary to bridge the gap between the meso-scale research studies and macro-scale applications. This thesis focuses on such meso-scale studies but also contributes to bridging the gap in the other direction, i.e., meso-scale to micro-scale to gain a fundamental understanding of the cellular level processes behind MICP. The research presented here investigates two applications of MICP with a focus on controlling precipitate distribution and process efficiency in target environments. Subsurface precipitate distribution and metal partitioning during MICP were studied in novel reactive transport systems that mimic application-environment conditions. A radial flow reactor was used to study the spatial distribution of precipitates in conditions similar to subsurface injection well environments. The distribution and degree of metal partitioning during MICP was investigated in batch reactors and porous media flow cells to study kinetics and reactive transport effects on kinetics. In the radial flow environment, more precipitates formed away from the center injection zone. Results showed that longer reactant residence times and an equimolar ratio of calcium to urea were able to maximize precipitation efficiency. Metal partitioning could be maximized at low reactant flow rates and low metal concentrations. The novel flow cell set up used revealed a spatial decoupling between ureolysis and precipitation. A micro-scale investigation of the fundamental MICP process itself is presented wherein microbe-mineral interactions are observed at the cell level. A semi-correlative approach to investigating individual precipitates in microdroplets is presented, using a multitude of microscopy and microanalysis techniques. The presented studies capture MICP across a range of scales.en
dc.publisherMontana State University - Bozeman, College of Engineeringen
dc.subject.lcshCalcium carbonateen
dc.subject.lcshPrecipitation (Chemistry)en
dc.subject.lcshReactivity (Chemistry)en
dc.titleMicrobially induced calcium carbonate precipitation: meso-scale optimization and micro-scale characterizationen
dc.rights.holderCopyright 2020 by Neerja Milind Zambareen, Graduate Committee: Connie Chang; Jeffrey Heysen & Biological Engineering.en

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