Localization of Metabolites of Human Kidney Tissue with Infrared Laser-Based Selected Reaction Monitoring Mass Spectrometry Imaging and Silver-109 Nanoparticle-Based Surface Assisted Laser Desorption/Ionization Mass Spectrometry Imaging
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Infrared (IR) laser ablation-remote-electrospray ionization (LARESI) platform coupled to a tandem mass spectrometer (MS/MS) operated in selected reaction monitoring (SRM) or multiple reaction monitoring (MRM) modes was developed and employed for imaging of target metabolites in human kidney cancer tissue. SRM or MRM modes were employed to avoid artifacts that are present in full scan MS mode. Four tissue samples containing both cancerous and noncancerous regions, obtained from three patients with renal cell carcinoma (RCC), were imaged. Sixteen endogenous metabolites that were reported in the literature as varying in abundance between cancerous and noncancerous areas in various human tissues were selected for analysis. Target metabolites comprised ten amino acids, four nucleosides and nucleobases, lactate, and vitamin E. For comparison purposes, images of the same metabolites were obtained with ultraviolet (UV) desorption/ionization mass spectrometry imaging (UV-LDI-MSI) using monoisotopic silver-109 nanoparticle enhanced target (109AgNPET) in full-scan MS mode. The acquired MS images revealed differences in abundances of selected metabolites between cancerous and noncancerous regions of the kidney tissue. Importantly, the two imaging methods offered similar results. This study demonstrates the applicability of the novel ambient LARESI SRM/MRM MSI method to both investigating and discovering cancer biomarkers in human tissue.
Nizioł, J., Sunner, J., Beech, I., Ossoliński, K., Ossolińska, A., Ossoliński, T., ... & Ruman, T. (2020). Localization of metabolites of human kidney tissue with infrared laser-based selected reaction monitoring mass spectrometry imaging and silver-109 nanoparticle-based surface assisted laser desorption/ionization mass spectrometry imaging. Analytical chemistry, 92(6), 4251-4258.