A Novel Agent-Based Power Management Scheme for Smart Multiple-Microgrid Distribution Systems
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In this work, a novel agent-based day-ahead power management scheme is proposed for multiple-microgrid distribution systems with the intent of reducing operational costs and improving system resilience. The proposed power sharing algorithm executes within each microgrid (MG) locally, and the neighboring MGs cooperate via a multi-agent system cooperation scheme, established to model the communication among the agents. The power management for each agent is modeled as a multi-objective optimization problem (MOP) including two objectives: maximizing load coverage and minimizing the operating costs. The proposed MOP is solved using the Nondominated Sorting Genetic Algorithm (NSGA-II), where a set of Pareto optimal solutions is obtained for each agent through the NSGA-II. The final solution is obtained using an Analytical Hierarchical Process. The effectiveness of the proposed scheme is evaluated using a benchmark 4-MG distribution system. It is shown that the proposed power management scheme and the cooperation of agents lead to a higher overall system resilience and lower operation costs during extreme events.
Shahooei, Z., Martin, L., Nehrir, H., & Bahramipanah, M. (2022). A Novel Agent-Based Power Management Scheme for Smart Multiple-Microgrid Distribution Systems. Energies, 15(5), 1774.